What is strengh of Lok Sabha in Indian Parliament ?
543 in the Lok Sabha

Where does Indian Parliament meets  ?
Sansad Bhavan in New Delhi

Parliament building was designed by which British architects ?
Edwin Lutyens and Herbert Baker

Between which years Indian Parliament was constructed ?
1921 and 1927

“Imperial Legislative Council” is for ?
British India

Indian Parliament was opened in Jan 1927 as the seat ______
Imperial Legislative Council

Following the end of British rule in India, Indian Parliament was taken over by ?
the Constituent Assembly

Following the end of Constituent Assembly, Indian Parliament was taken over by ?
the Indian Parliament once India’s Constitution came into force in 1950

What is the Architectural style of Parliament House ?
Lutyens’ Delhi

Which building to house Parliament is under construction directly opposite the current Indian Parliament building ?
Central Vista Redevelopment Project, in 2019

When and by whom was Parliament Museum inaugurated that stands next to the Parliament House in the building of the Parliamentary Library ?
on 15 August 2006, President A.P.J. Abdul Kalam

About Parliament Building:

Foundation stone was laid by HRH Prince Arthur, Duke of Connaught and Strathearn, in February 1921.
Took five years to complete the building.
On 18 January 1927, Sir Bhupendra Nath Mitra, Member of the Governor-General’s Executive Council, in charge of the Department of Industries and Labour, invited Lord Irwin Viceroy of India to open the building.
The third session of Central Legislative Assembly was held in this house on 19 January 1927

144 columns
three semicircular halls that were constructed for the sessions of
the Chamber of Princes (now used as the Library Hall),
the State Council (now used for the Rajya Sabha),
The upper and the second house of parliament is the Rajya Sabha.

The members of Rajya Sabha are indirectly elected. The Rajya Sabha gives representation to 28 states and 9 union territories in India. Thus, members of Rajya Sabha work as representatives of the constituent states and the Central Legislative Assembly (now used for the Lok Sabha)

The lok sabha is the lower and the first house of parliament of India. Lok Sabha is the house of representatives directly elected by the people. Hence, the Lok Sabha is called the first house.

The member of Lok Sabha are elected directly by the people from the territorial constituencies the tenure of Lok Sabha is of five years.

The election take place after every five years.
These elections are known as General election.
The parliament is surrounded by large gardens and the perimeter is fenced off by sandstone railings (jali)
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History of Parliament:

Under which Act, Imperial Legislative Council was created during british rule ?
the Indian Councils Act of 1861

New Parliament House

Groundbreaking :1 October 2020

When was New indian Parliament building Construction started on
10 December 2020 by Modi

WHat is the seating capacity of new New indian Parliament building ?
1,272 (Lok Sabha chamber: 888
Rajya Sabha chamber: 384)

What is the Seating capacity of present indian Parliament building
790

Which Private sector has won he contract for construction of the new parliament building for ₹862 crores by the CPWD ?
Tata Projects Ltd (Main contractor)

Who is the Architect of new New indian Parliament building ?
Bimal Patel from Gujarat

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Current Parliament House :

President of India : Ram Nath Kovind, since 25 July 2017

Vice President of India & Chairman of the Rajya Sabha : Venkaiah Naidu, since 11 August 2017

Deputy Chairman of the Rajya Sabha : Harivansh Narayan Singh[3], JDU, since 14 September 2020

Leader of the House in Rajya Sabha  : Piyush Goyal, BJP, since 14 July 2021

Leader of the Opposition in Rajya Sabha : Mallikarjun Kharge, INC, since 15 February 2021

Speaker of the Lok Sabha : Om Birla.  BJP, since 19 June 2019

Deputy Speaker of the Lok Sabha  : Vacant, since 23 May 2019

Leader of the House in Lok Sabha : Narendra Modi, BJP, since 26 May 2014

Leader of the Opposition in Lok Sabha : Vacant (Since 26 May 2014, No party has 10% Seats, other than the BJP)

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Questions on President of India:

Under which articles, of the constitution, the president’s responsibility is to ensure that laws passed by the Parliament are in accordance with the constitutional mandate and that the stipulated procedure is followed before according his or her approval to the bills.
Article 60 and Article 111

The president of India is elected by____
the elected MPs and the state legislatures

To whom, The Indian constitution accords the responsibility and authority to defend and protect the Constitution of India and its rule of law ?
The president

Any action taken by the executive or legislature entities of the constitution shall become law only after the president’s Approval

Under Article 60, Who is The foremost, most empowered and prompt defender of the constitution
president

Whose place in the administration is that of a ceremonial device on a seal by which the nation’s decisions are made known asper BR Ambedkhar ?
President

Who is common head of all independent constitutional entities ?
President

the prime minister can object to any decision taken alone by the President without consulting the cabinet
True

Who has the power to convert a death sentence to life imprisonment ?
Judiciary –

Who can dissolve the Lok Sabha ?
President

All bills passed by the parliament can become laws only after receiving the assent of the _____ per Article 111 ?
President

Under which article, President may be of the view that a particular bill passed under the legislative powers of parliament is violating the constitution, he can send back the bill with his recommendation to pass the bill under the constituent powers of parliament ?
Ans : Article 368 procedure

When, after reconsideration, the bill is passed accordingly and presented to the president, with or without amendments, the president cannot withhold his assent from it.
True

Article 143 gives the president the power to consult the supreme court about the constitutional validity of an issue.
TRUE

responsibility of the president to withdraw the ordinance as soon as the reasons for the promulgation of the ordinance are no longer applicable
TRUE

Re-promulgation of an ordinance after failing to get approval within the stipulated time of both houses of parliament is an unconstitutional act by the president
TRUE

Who should take moral responsibility when an ordinance elapses automatically or is not approved by the parliament or violates the constitution
The president

president can do nothing contrary to thier Ministers advice nor can do anything without their advice.
TRUE

Who appoints the Chief Justice of India and other judges on the advice of the chief justice.?
The president

Who may dismiss a judge with a two-thirds vote of the two Houses of the parliament ?
The President

Attorney-General for India (Chief legal adviser), is appointed by
the president of India

The president appoints ______ of the Rajya Sabha from amongst persons who have special knowledge or practical experience in respect of such matters as literature, science, art and social service.
12 members

Who is responsibel for for making appointment of Chief Election Commissioner ?
President

Choose the below which can be appointed by president ?
All India Services
Comptroller and Auditor General
Chief Minister of the National Capital Territory of Delhi
chief justice of sureme court
All of the above

Which of the below is wrong
A financial bill can be introduced in the parliament only with the president’s recommendation.
The president lays the Annual Financial Statement, i.e. the Union budget, before the parliament.
The president can take advances out of the Contingency Fund of India to meet unforeseen expenses.
The president constitutes a Finance Commission every 2 years to recommend the distribution of the taxes between the centre and the States
Ans : Lastone

________ is the Supreme Commander of the Indian Armed Forces
The president

All important treaties and contracts are made in the president’s name
True

The president is empowered with the powers to grant pardons in the following situations:
punishment for an offence against Union law
punishment by a military court
a death sentence
All of the above
Ans : D

Which of the following rights are suspended during emergency ?
Right to Life and Personal Liberty cannot be suspended (Article 21)

It was declared first in 1962 by President ______, during the Sino-Indian War.
Sarvepalli Radhakrishnan

The second emergency in India was proclaimed in 1971 by _______________on the eve of the Indo-Pakistani War of 1971.
President V. V. Giri

Even as the second emergency was in progress, another internal emergency was proclaimed by President Fakhruddin Ali Ahmed, with Indira Gandhi as prime minister in 1975. In 1977, the second and the third emergencies were together revoked.

Eligibility

In the event that the vice-president, a state governor or a minister is elected president, they are considered to have vacated their previous office on the date they begin serving as president
True

Election Process

Q. Whenever the office becomes vacant, the new president is chosen by
An electoral college

Q. electoral college consists of
M.Ps
MLAs
State Legislative Assemblies
All of the above
Ans : D

who is also elected indirectly (not elected by people directly) by the Lok Sabha members only
PM

Who is elected in an extensive manner by the members of Lok Sabha, Rajya Sabha and state legislative assemblies in a secret ballot procedure.
President

The nomination of a candidate for election to the office of the president must be subscribed by at least 50 electors as proposers and 50 electors as seconders

The security deposit made by President is likely to be losen in case the candidate fails to secure ___ of the votes polled.
one-sixth

Oath or affirmation – The president is required to make and subscribe in the presence of
the Chief Justice of India

in the absence of President ,president is required to take oath in the presence of
the senior-most judge of the supreme court—

________are the official Retreat Residences of the president of India.
The Rashtrapati Nilayam at Bolarum, Hyderabad
Retreat Building at Chharabra, Shimla
Both

________ airplane is used for domestic travels by the President.
Indian Air Force’s BBJ 737 with call sign Air India One (INDIA 1)

Which of the following is “Viceroy’s House” during British India ?
Rashtrapati Bhavan

______is the official residence of the President of India
Rashtrapati Bhavan

Rashtrapati Bhavan is the official residence of the President of India is at
the western end of Rajpath in New Delhi, India

Who is the Architect of Rashtrapati Bhavan ?
Sir Edwin Lutyens

What is the architecture style of Rashtrapati Bhavan ?
Delhi Order

The Office of the president falls vacant in the following scenarios:
On the expiry of their term.
By reason of death.
By reason of resignation.
Removal by the supreme court.
Removal by impeachment.

================================================================================================================================================================================================
TERMS TO REMEMBER

executive entities

legislature entities
A legislature is an assembly with the authority to make laws for a political entity such as a country or city. They are often contrasted with the executive and judicial powers of government
court of law
supervisory powers
Lok Sabha
Rajya Sabha
dissolve the Lok Sabha

ordinances: an authoritative order.

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Questions on Lok Sabha :

Which is constitutionally known as “House of the People” ?

Lok Sabha

The 17th Lok Sabha was elected in May 2019 and is the latest to date

 

Who is current(2022) speaker of Loksabha ?

Om Birla, BJP, since 19 June 2019

 

_______are elected by an Adult Universal Suffrage and a First-past-the-post system to represent their respective constituencies,

Members of the Lok Sabha

Note: universal suffrage means ” gives the right to vote to all adult citizens, regardless of wealth, income, gender, social status, race, ethnicity, political stance, or any other restriction, subject only to relatively minor exceptions”

An electoral system: Voting system is a set of rules that determine how elections and referendums are conducted and how their results are determined

First-past-the-post voting means “voters cast their vote for a candidate of their choice, and the candidate who receives the most votes wins”  (FPTP)

 

Who can dissolve Lok sabha ?

President on the advice of the council of ministers

The Union Council of Ministers

  •  the highest executive body of the Government of India.
  • The council is responsible for exercising chief administrative authority over the state and advising the president of India.
  • Chaired by the prime minister and includes the heads of each of the executive government ministries.
  • Currently, the council is headed by prime minister Narendra Modi and consists of 31 members, including the prime minister.

________Highest executive body of the federal government
Union Council of Ministers

 

The maximum membership of the Lok Sabha allotted by the Constitution of India is

552

Note: Currently (2022), 543 seats which are made up by the election of up to 543 elected members and at a maximum

 

On Which date. Anglo-Indian reserved seats in the Parliament and State Legislatures of India were abolished by the 104th Constitutional Amendment Act, 2019

January 2020

 

The new parliament has a seating capacity of ___ for Lok Sabha

888

 

What is Percentage of seats reserved for representatives of Scheduled Castes (84) and Scheduled Tribes (47) ?

24.03%

 

When was The Indian Independence Act 1947, passed by the British parliament which divided British India into two newly independent countries, India and Pakistan, 

on 18 July 1947

 

According to Article 79 (Part V-The Union.) of the Constitution of India, the Parliament of India consists of the President of India and the two Houses of Parliament known as the Council of States (Rajya Sabha) and the House of the People (Lok Sabha)

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Qualifications of Lok Sabha members

  • They should be a citizen of India, and must subscribe before the Election Commission of India, an oath or affirmation according to the form set out for the purpose in the Third Schedule of the Indian Constitution.
  • They should not be less than 25 years of age.
  • They possess other such qualifications as may be prescribed in that behalf by or under any law made by the Parliament.
  • They should not be proclaimed criminal i.e. they should not be a convict, a confirmed debtor or otherwise disqualified by law; and
  • They should have their name in the electoral rolls in any part of the country.

Disqualified from being a member of Parliament

  • If they hold the office of profit;
  • If they are of unsound mind and stand so declared by a competent court
  • If they are an undischarged insolvent;
  • If they are not a citizen of India, or have voluntarily acquired the citizenship of a foreign State, or are under any acknowledgement of allegiance or adherence to a foreign State;
  • If they are violating party discipline (as per the Tenth Schedule of the constitution); disqualified under Representation of People Act.

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In System of elections in Lok Sabha, Provision of  ratio between that number and its population does not apply to states having a population of less than

6 million (60 lakh)

 

Each state is divided into territorial constituencies as follows

Ratio between the population of each constituency and the number of seats allotted to it (in each case, one) remain the same throughout the state

The Lok Sabha, the lower house of the Parliament of India, is made up of Members of Parliament (MPs). Each MP, represents a single geographic constituency

 

Lok Sabha has certain powers that make it more powerful than the Rajya Sabha.

  • Motions of no confidence
  • Money bills can only be introduced in the Lok Sabha
  • Equal Powers with the Rajya Sabha in
    • initiating and passing any Bill for Constitutional Amendment by a majority of the total membership of the House and at least two-thirds majority of the members present and voting
    • initiating and passing a motion for the impeachment of the President (by two-thirds of the membership of the House)
    • the impeachment process (initiating and passing a motion for the removal) of the judges of the Supreme Court and the state High Courts (by a majority of the membership of the House and at least two-thirds majority of the members present and voting), who then can be removed by the President of India
    • initiating and passing a resolution declaring war or national emergency (by two-thirds majority) or constitutional emergency (by simple majority) in a state.

 

limitation on the Lok Sabha.

If the Lok Sabha is dissolved before or after the declaration of a National Emergency, the Rajya Sabha becomes the sole Parliament. It cannot be dissolved. This is a 

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The Rules of Procedure and Conduct of Business in Lok Sabha and Directions issued by

the Speaker

 

Question Hour

  • A Starred Question
    • One to which a member desires an oral answer in the House and which is distinguished by an asterisk mark.
  • An unstarred question
    • not called for oral answer in the house and on which no supplementary questions can consequently be asked. An answer to such a question is given in writing. A minimum period of notice for starred/unstarred questions is 10 clear days. If the questions given notice are admitted by the Speaker, they are listed and printed for an answer on the dates allotted to the Ministries to which the subject matter of the question pertains.
  • Normal period of notice does not apply to short-notice questions that relate to matters of urgent public importance.

A short-notice question is taken up for answer immediately after the Question Hour, popularly known as Zero Hour.

 

Typically, discussions on important Bills, the Budget, and other issues of national importance take place from 2 p.m. onwards

 

Business after Question Hour

House takes up miscellaneous items of work before proceeding to the main business of the day.

  • Adjournment Motions,
  • Questions involving breaches of Privileges,
  • Papers to be laid on the Table,
  • Communication of any messages from Rajya Sabha,
  • Intimations regarding President’s assent to Bills, Calling Attention Notices,
  • Matters under Rule 377,
  • Presentation of Reports of Parliamentary Committee,
  • Presentation of Petitions,
  • miscellaneous statements by Ministers,
  • Motions regarding elections to Committees,
  • Bills to be withdrawn or introduced.

Main business of the day

  • Legislative business
  • Financial business
  • Motions and resolutions

Two kinds of parliamentary committees based on their nature

  • Parliament Standing Committees (PSC) – Permanent in nature, reconstituted from time to time with every new election.
    • Department based
    • Others
  • Ad hoc committees – Created for a specific purpose and ceases to exist when that purpose is achieved.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

==========================================================================================

The Lok Sabha (House of the People) or the lower house has 543 members.

Members are directly elected by citizens of India on the basis of universal adult franchise representing parliamentary constituencies across the country.

Between 1952 and 2020, two additional members of the Anglo-Indian community were also nominated by the president of India on the advice of the Indian government, which was abolished in January 2020 by the 104th Constitutional Amendment Act, 2019.

Every citizen of India who is over 18 years of age, irrespective of gender, caste, religion, or race and is otherwise not disqualified, is eligible to vote for members of the Lok Sabha.

The constitution provides that the maximum strength of the House be 552 members.

It has a term of five years. To be eligible for membership in the Lok Sabha, a person must be a citizen of India and must be 25 years of age or older, mentally sound, should not be bankrupt, and should not be criminally convicted. The total elective membership is distributed among the states in such a way that the ratio between the number of seats allotted to each state and the population of the state is, so far as practicable, the same for all states.
=========================================================================================

The Rajya Sabha (Council of States) or the upper house is a permanent body not subject to dissolution. One third of the members retire every second year, and are replaced by newly elected members. Each member is elected for a term of six years.

Its members are indirectly elected by members of legislative bodies of the states.

The Rajya Sabha can have a maximum of 250 members.

It currently has a sanctioned strength of 245 members, of which 233 are elected from states and union territories and 12 are nominated by the president.

The number of members from a state depends on its population.

The minimum age for a person to become a member of the Rajya Sabha is 30 years.

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Session of Parliament

The period during which the House meets to conduct its business is called a session.

The constitution empowers the president to summon each house at such intervals that there should not be more than a six-month gap between the two sessions.

Hence the Parliament must meet at least twice a year.

In India, the Parliament conducts three sessions each year: member committee to investigation into the charges

Budget session: January/February to May
Monsoon session: July to August/September
Winter session: November to December

=========================================================================================

Legislative proposals are brought before either house of the Parliament in the form of a bill.

A bill is the draft of a legislative proposal, which, when passed by both houses of Parliament and assented to by the president, becomes an act of Parliament

Money bills must originate in the Lok Sabha.

The Council of States can only make recommendations over the bills to the House, within a period of fourteen days.

=========================================================
Parliamentary committees are formed to deliberate specific matters at length.

The public is directly or indirectly associated and studies are conducted to help committees arrive at the conclusions.

Parliamentary committees are of two kinds:
ad hoc committees
standing committees

Standing committees are permanent committees constituted from time to time in pursuance of the provisions of an act of Parliament or rules of procedure and conduct of business in Parliament. The work of these committees is of a continuing nature.

Ad hoc committees are appointed for a specific purpose and they cease to exist when they finish the task assigned to them and submit a report.
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On 16 November 2016, during the winter session of Indian Parliament, the sittings in both Upper and Lower Houses of Parliament observed strong opposition and uproar by political parties on demonetisation (note ban) initiative by the Narendra Modi Government.

By DWS

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